IUPUI

New DNA Analysis Tool Predicts Pigment

May 31, 2018
An international team has developed the HIrisPlex-S DNA test system, a tool to accurately predict eye, hair and skin color from human biological material, even a small DNA sample. (Photo courtesy of IUPUI)
Jill Sheridan

new web tool builds on work to predict what an unidentified person might look like. 

WFIU/WTIU News

Police departments are increasingly using algorithms to predict crime, and a study from Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis aims to address concerns that these algorithms are racially biased.

It’s a method called predictive policing. A computer algorithm looks at data, including crime rates, and predicts where crime is likely to happen. Police departments then increase patrols in those areas.

But some groups criticize the technology, saying it reinforces racial bias in policing.

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Greg Wagoner / https://www.flickr.com/photos/minidriver/8090289596

IUPUI’s engineering department is adding an additional focus on the future of energy.

Purdue’s trustees voted last week to rename it the Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering.

Dean David Russomanno says he wants to stay away from the politically-charged topic of the nation’s energy future, which he says he’s doing by encouraging IUPUI professors to be, in his words, “agnostic” about their research.

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pixabay.com

High-deductible health plans, which have lower premiums but higher out-of-pocket costs, help reduce health care spending, according to a new study from Fairbanks School of Public Health in Indianapolis. But the researchers also found that people on HDHPs are using fewer preventive services such as cancer screenings, perhaps because people are worried about getting stuck with the bill. 

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IPFW

The women’s studies program at Indiana University--Purdue University Fort Wayne will not be eliminated, as was previously suggested in a plan to cut costs. The new proposal will cut costs by eliminating one job, and cutting the director’s pay.

A new report focuses on food allergies as a public health concern. The 18-month study from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine examines public health policies and makes recommendations for more research and education.

Assistant professor of communication studies at IUPUI Jennifer Bute serves on a national food allergy board and says the report is encouraging.

Global Panorama / https://www.flickr.com/photos/121483302@N02/

A $6 billion healthcare bill making its way through Congress could have significant effects on health, industry and research in the Hoosier State.

The 21st Century Cures Act was approved by a wide majority in the House Wednesday. It offers up nearly $5 billion in research spending through the National Institutes of Health, which funnels the cash to schools such as Purdue and Indiana University.

Indiana University

Latino teens demonstrate higher levels of stress, depression and suicidal thoughts than any other school-age demographic in the state.

Indiana Public Broadcasting’s Jill Sheridan reports on one Indiana summer camp that aims to address this problem.  

Frank Hebbert / https://www.flickr.com/photos/f-r-a-n-k/359123912

Researchers say a flat fee on electric vehicles won’t help solve declining road funding revenues, like those faced here in the state. 

Electric vehicles don’t pay into road funding the same way traditional vehicles do because they don’t pay fuel taxes. 

So, some states have imposed flat registration fees of $100-200 on electric vehicles. 

But IUPUI professor Jerome Dumortier says his study shows that plug-in vehicles account for, at most, only about 1.5-percent of the decline in fuel taxes.  And he notes that a flat fee is economically inefficient.

More Mumps Confirmed At IU-Bloomington

Mar 1, 2016
Sanofi Pasteur / https://www.flickr.com/photos/sanofi-pasteur/5280386078

At least eight cases of the mumps are now being reported on the IU Bloomington campus.

Mumps cases have also been reported at other Indiana colleges, but health officials say at this point, there does not appear to be any connection between the cases at Butler, IU-Bloomington and IUPUI.

Up to 30-percent of people who have mumps may not show symptoms, so it can be difficult to determine who may be infectious or how people may have been exposed.

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