SECOND OF A TWO-PART SERIES
Universities are seeing success in recruiting more women to their computer science programs, but making sure they want to stay in the major is a different challenge. And colleges can struggle to make sure the environment is as inclusive as possible.
For example, in the computer science department at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, there’s only one bathroom.
The building only has room for one, and for a while it was men-only.
“But when the computer science department moved up there, they came into that area and they insisted that it was changed to a female bathroom,” says Rose-Hulman computer science professor David Fisher. “And the reason was because it sent a message that we’re a boys club, and they didn’t want to do that.”
He says it’s just one piece of the gender-inclusive puzzle the school is grappling with as the number of women in the major increases.
But the environment university officials are most focused on changing is in the classroom.
Current student Olivia Ejde and alumna Amanda Stouder say in class, girls are often isolated.
“But you definitely see male dominance,” Ejde says.
“And you have to prove yourself in those [classes],” says Stouder.
“Oh, a hundred percent,” Ejde agrees. “I’m in two computer science classes right now. In one I’m in, there’s only one other girl out of like thirty.”
Ejde says she’s relied on upperclassmen to help guide her through the tougher times.
“Versus being out in a big scary world, with a whole bunch of guys, and you’re by yourself and you feel as if you’re not supposed to be there at times,” she says. “And when you have the side comments and stuff, you’re like ‘why do I want to go through this?’ But when we have other women like ‘hey, I’m going through it too, it gets better,’ it makes it a lot easier.”
A recent study shows support can have an effect on whether girls study CS or not. For example, if a high school girl doesn’t have any friends studying the same thing, she’s one-third less likely to continue studying it.
But the issue isn’t just about classmates, it’s also about faculty. And with a shortage of women in the field, female CS professors are especially difficult to find. So Rose-Hulman’s department is trying to home-grow its teaching staff.
Beyond who teaches the class, universities are also changing how the classes are taught.
In Rose-Hulman’s freshman-level CS class, professors assume all of the students have no prior experience.
Department head J.P. Mellor says only a few drop the major, and about 20 students a year actually change their major to computer science after taking the class – most of them women.
“So I think that’s a positive thing,” Mellor says. “We’re not having students show up, and then [say] ‘I don’t fit in’ and changing majors because of that.”
At Purdue University, the introductory CS class is split into those who have programming experience and those who do not – referred to as the black and gold sections of the student body.
Department head Sunil Prabhakar says students are less intimidated, and more successful, when everyone is on the same page.
“That distinction – just seeing that you belong – has been a huge, huge boost to the program,” Prabhakar says. “And the success of women in the gold section last semester was at par as the overall student success.”
Both universities’ female CS student percentage is a few points higher than today’s national average of 16-percent.
Nationwide, the number of women studying CS reached a peak in the mid-80s – a peak that even current recruiting efforts might struggle to match. That’s because about five times as many women earned bachelor’s degrees 30 years ago as do now.